TAKING A GREAT SUNSET PHOTO
by Olympus Trailblazer Peter Baumgarten
I can't resist a great sunrise or sunset. I'm a real sucker for those amazing colors at the bookends of the day. But the reality is that sunset shots are a dime a dozen. So how do you get yours to stand out from the rest of the crowd? Here are some tips that work for me.
Gorgeous sunset colors are certainly appealing, but they are definitely not enough to maintain your viewer's interest. Think of the sunset as the backdrop to your photograph. What you place in front of those colors is the important thing.
Good photographs don't just happen. They are a combination of four things:
When you are ready to capture that amazing sunset, arrive early to the location you plan on shooting at. I usually try to get there at least an hour before the sun sets. This allows me ample time to:
One of the things that I love most about being a photographer is the power to control what other people see. As I compose my next shot I decide what to include in the frame and what to leave out. At times this is easier said than done, but if I can't eliminate a distracting element I won't take the shot. The worst distraction for me is power lines, but there can be many others - a parked car, people where you don't want them, branches in the way, and the list goes on. Arriving early can give you the time to adjust your vantage point and hopefully eliminate these unwanted elements.
This opening in the branches, and the beautiful red leaves of autumn provided a perfect window through which to view the sunrise. Photo taken with an Olympus E-M1 & M.Zuiko 12-40mm f2.8 lens, 1/10 Sec at f/9, ISO 200.
Including a natural frame in your image can add depth to the photograph and anchor your main subject. The examples below help illustrate ways of including a frame.
Once the sun goes down it is time to pull out the tripod. You are now entering the territory of slower shutter speeds. My Olympus cameras have excellent image stabilization capabilities and can cope with being hand-held at speeds as slow as 1/2 second. I trust my camera to deliver good results hand held, but the real reason I use the tripod is to force me to slow down and focus on composition. That's what really matters.
Of course some of the best colors occur 15 - 20 minutes after the sun has set when the sky has noticeably darkened. Now you might be using shutter speeds as slow as 30 seconds or a minute. There is no camera that can be hand-held for that length of time. I also use a shutter release cable or if you have a wireless camera you can trigger your shot using your smart phone. This helps to avoid camera shake when you take the shot and ensures better clarity.
This is the equipment that I shoot with and the settings I typically use:
If the settings I've mentioned in the above section make you break into a cold sweat, don't worry about it. Every camera has a Sunset Scene Mode that will do all the thinking for you. When I purchased my first digital camera I regularly relied on this auto mode and got some great results. As a matter of fact if you are new to landscape photography generally, I urge you to focus on the composition and let the camera worry about the exposure. Just don't use it as a crutch for too long. Push yourself to learn how to control the exposure.
Nothing is more disappointing than spending your evening shooting that amazing sunset, and then, upon uploading you discover that they are all out of focus. Follow these steps to help avoid that disappointment.
I regularly get asked, "Do you Photoshop your work?" The short answer is "Yes." The longer answer is: I use Adobe Lightroom more than Photoshop for adjusting an image. Typically I will only work with overall exposure by adjusting the 'Curves' in order to improve the overall contrast in the image. This helps brighten the colors of the sky.